How to Rotate and Balance Car Tires
How to Balance Tires at Home – Rotation and tire balancing is an important maintenance procedure to help the tire longevity. Many people are too busy or forget when they last had their tires maintained and tires front will use more quickly to make direction and braking. Most tire companies and car maintenance equipment recommend to rotate and check the balance every 6,000 miles. While rotating the tires is something you can do at home with the right tools, tire balancing requires special machinery. However, the cost is not too costly and the benefits outweigh the costs.
Things you need
- Vehicle lift (suspended style)
- Air Chuck
- Tire gauge
- Pneumatic pressure impact gun impact socket
- Tire Balance Machine
- Wheel weights (static and dynamic)
- Torque wrench or torque rods
Show more instructions
- Lift the vehicle in a suspended vehicle lift.
- Input the tire pressure with the tire pressure gauge and then adjust, if necessary, using the air chuck. Be sure to fill the tires for the recommended inflation listed on the tire scoreboard located on the top side of the driver’s door. If the poster indicates a variation between the front and rear tires, adjust the rear to be positioned at the front and front to be placed as a back.
- Remove the Caps if the case is
- Size of the correct socket for the nuts and then remove them using the pneumatic pistol and socket. Set the nuts on the lifting arm by the respective tire.
- Remove one of the tires and check it carefully around the diameter for irregular flooring wear and rotate it would be practical. Also, check for unidirectional mounted tires. These tires need to be pointing to the front of the vehicle, indicated by a directional arrow or the word “exterior” stamped on the outer flank of the tire. Unidirectional tires can only be rotated on the front side of the rear axle. Leave the other three tires in their respective positions for now.
- Place the tire on the pergola of the balancing machine and secure it with the spin-on or quick-release lock. Make sure the tire is tight for the balancing machine flange. Take the width and depth measurements of the rim by using the tools provided with the balancing machine. Between these measurements and the size of the tire diameter inside the machine according to the instructions. Once every type of tire machine employs a variety of different ways to do so, you need to read the manual or stick-in-the label instructions if the tire machine features one.
- Spin the tire or close the hood to allow the machine to rotate to balance the tire. If the balance is switched off, the machine will dictate this on the display in ounces on each side. Some aluminum edges also require static weights or stick-to be placed inside the rim instead of rim edges. If the tire is OK, remove it. If it demands weights, remove the old and then re-rotate the tire for total weight balancing.
- Add the weights to the tire by placing it in the correct position until the equilibrium machine indicates that it is properly aligned. Use the indicator arrows printed on the machine housing to align the weights in the rim correctly. Rotate the tire again to ensure 0.00 is displayed at each end, if applicable. Remove the tire from the balancing machine.
- Bring the tire of the vehicle and place it on the ground where your new position in the vehicle will be. Spinning tires can employ several different procedures. As mentioned, the unidirectional tires can only be rotated on the same side of the front back. Front-traction vehicles often employ a cross-pattern, where the front tires pass straight to the rear axle and the rear crossed tires forward. Rear-wheel, all wheels and four-wheel traction rotate the rear tires forward to the front axle and then cross the front tires to the rear axle.
- Move to the next tire and repeat the balancing process until the four tires are balanced and placed in the new position.
- Replace the tires for the vehicle and replace the nuts.
- Use a torque rod or wrench to tighten the nuts by specifying torque for the specific vehicle. Never tighten nuts in a circular pattern. Always start with one and move to the next lug nut opposite of the position of the first. The four nut lug tires would use a standard X to correctly tighten the nuts. Five or more sows would employ a star pattern. This causes the kidney not to fold on one side to the wheel hub of the vehicle.
- Replace the Caps if it is the case and then lower the vehicle.